Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which it affects the patient’s body to metabolize sugar. This sugar, or glucose, is an important fuel source of the body and without this, normal bodily functions will not work as it should be.
In type 2 diabetes, the patient’s body repels the effect of insulin, or cannot produce the proper amount of insulin to sustain normal body sugar levels. For those who don’t know what insulin is, it is a hormone that controls the movement of sugar in our cells.
So, what are the most common type 2 diabetes medications and how they work?
Common Type 2 Diabetes Treatments
Here are a few medications your doctor recommend or prescribe to you to treat type 2 diabetes:
- Metformin – The primary medication prescribed for this kind of diabetes. Metformin works by decreasing glucose production of your liver. And this also improves your body’s responsiveness to insulin, thus making your body utilize insulin more efficiently and effectively.
- Meglitinides – This drug stimulates the pancreas to produce more insulin. The only risk of using this is lowering blood sugar levels and also having the patient gain more weight.
- Sulfonylureas – It has the same function as Meglitinides, yet is much slower-acting but has a much longer effect on the body in terms of duration. Common Sulfonylureas are glipizide, glyburide, and glimepiride.
Other Type 2 Diabetes Medications
Sometimes, your doctor may prescribe you other medications which may have a somewhat similar function as the ones mentioned above, like:
- SGLT2 inhibitors – This prevents the re-absorption of sugar back to the kidneys from the blood.
- DPP-4 inhibitors
- GLP-1 receptor agonist
Always listen to what your doctors prescribed for you. It is good to ask second opinions from other doctors to make sure you have the right medication for you.
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