Health and Fitness

Health and Fitness

Humiliation to Help Lose Weight

What if the overweight people in our nation were made to wear little bikinis in a hope to humiliate them into losing weight? This technique worked for Kirstie Alley when she made the promise to appear on stage of the Oprah show in a bikini. A year later when she made her next appearance she was able to proudly show off her new thinner body.

Researches have discovered that by simply making a goal and telling people helps aid in the weight loss journey. Knowing that there are other people who will be watching and holding you accountable to your goal is sometimes enough to make a person stick to a diet or exercise plan. After all there is nothing worse then being humiliated when you do not keep your goal and this extra motivation might be all it takes to finally lose the weight. Weight loss clinic in Houston always stresses that if you want to lose weight, you should work extra hard for it and you should know the value of discipline and perseverance.

Start by making a goal date, this could be anything from 90 days to 2 years. The key is to pick a day so you have something to work to. Then you will have to pick a goal you want to accomplish. Maybe this is fit in a pair of old blue jeans or be able to wear a smaller size wedding dress. Which ever goal you choose you have to chose one that’s reachable. You don’t want to say ok I need to lose 100lbs by June and it’s already March. This is not doable and will set you up for failure from the start. You should set goals that are healthy and able to be achieved . For example one could set a goal of losing two pounds per week. This would be a realistic goal. If you were to allow yourself a year of losing two pounds per week you could lose 104 lbs. While a year may seem like along time it really isn’t. Now once you have your date picked and the goal set tell someone. The more people the better, this way you will have more people holding you accountable. You will be more likely to stick to your plan when you have people you deal with on a daily basis asking how you are doing with your weight loss. Just knowing you have to face these people might be the extra kick you need to keep you going strong with your weight loss plan.

To obtain your goal you will need to find a weight loss plan that is right for your body type . To do this you will need to meet with your doctor and discuss how much weight you are hoping to lose and how you plan on doing this. The doctor can also clear you for the exercise plan you want to use. Don’t select an eating plan that you could not stick with for a long period of time. Consider a way of healthy eating that is a life change instead of a temporary one. Loosing weight and then returning to old eating habits will have you gaining back every pound and then some. Add some daily exercise to help you reach your weight loss goal. This could be as simple as walking around the neighborhood to get you started moving. There are several gyms and exercise classes available in most areas. If you are not comfortable working out in front of other people you can choose from a variety of exercise videos to be used in the home. As well as several types of exercise equipment you can use in the comforts of home.

Remember every person is different and what works for one might not work for another. Follow the main keys and you will be on your way to a successful weight loss journey.

Key 1, Choose a goal date

Key 2, Choose a goal to work for

Key 3, Choose a weight loss plan

Key 4, Choose an exercise program

Key 5, Tell people about your goal

While the fear of humiliation will not work for all ,it can be a tool in keeping a person motivated and on track with their weight loss program. Sometimes just being held accountable is a great help when a person wishes to lose weight.

Health and Fitness

Why Regular Checkups At Los Alamitos Dental Care Is Needed?

A regular visit to Los Alamitos dental care is a must to maintain oral health. You need to work as a team with your dentist for avoiding dental issues that can diminish life quality and root medical complications.

How your life quality gets affected with teeth issues?

  • Missing, crooked, and diseased teeth or distorted jaw can hinder your chewing or speech. The restorative procedure is very expensive.
  • Cavities are painful and overtime causes tooth sensitivity. Regular checkups help to treat them as early as possible.
  • Treating tooth decays in its early stage is mildly uncomfortable because the area gets numbed before filling it.

What are the medical complications, if regular checkup gets ignored?

  • Periodontal disease can cause diabetes, strokes, heart and respiratory problems.

What to expect at regular dental visits?

The regular dental visit includes two parts –


  • Dentist checks for cavities, if necessary X-rays are taken.
  • Check for tartar and plaque buildup.
  • Check the gums for diseases.
  • Examine your tongue, throat, neck, face, and head for signs of swelling, redness or cancer symptoms.


  • Plaque hardens and turns into tartar, which cannot be eliminated with daily brushing and flossing.
  • The dentist uses special tools to eliminate the tartar. The process is called scaling.
  • After scaling, the dentist uses gritty paste to remove surface stains.
  • The last step is flossing, where areas between teeth get flossed.

What needs to be done between regular dental visits?

  • Brush teeth twice daily with a fluoride paste.
  • Floss daily.
  • Mouthwash helps to control the plaque bacteria and keep breath fresh.

Maintain oral health with regular dental checkups!


Can I Use CBD Oil For Treatment of Autism?

Cannabidiol or also know by its market name CBD, is a very effective chemical compound which is derived from cannabis plant. But, CBD does not contain THC which is the psychoactive component in cannabis that makes you ‘high’. CBD has a lot of health benefits like – reduces stress, curbs anxiety, reduces inflammation, helps to give relive from muscle pain, etc. 

Recently, scientists have found that CBD can also help people who are affected with Autism. If you are wondering how to take CBD oil, well there are many ways in which you can. Meanwhile take a look at how CBD oil can help those who are affected with Autistic disorders.

How CBD helps those who are Autistic?

Even though scientists have found a solution to the difficulties an autistic person suffers from with the help of CBD, it must be kept in mind that CBD or any other drug in the world cannot cure the core symptoms of this disorder. Challenges like the sensory dysfunction, restricted behaviors and communication, are not curable by use of any drug. CBD has a different role to play in this instance. It helps to alleviate problems like epilepsy, anxiety and insomnia.

By curbing these particular problems, CBD can actually provide a bit of relive an Autistic person from the daily challenges they face. Good sleep and reduction in the stress levels will help them to control aggressive behavior. Less stress means there will be less seizures and the will to communicate with others more socially.

CBD cannot cure an Autistic person from the problem they currently have but it can surely help them to get relief from the above mentioned problems which are very common among them. There are different kinds of CBD products available in the market and you need to consult a doctor before deciding which one to use.


Healing Benefits Dance Therapy Offers to Everyone

With the growing list of diseases, people are on the look out for the best therapies that adopt natural means to bring them peace, happiness and of course good health. Be it meditation, yoga, music therapy or dance therapy – all serve the same purpose – healing the spirit and the physical body. Testogen reviews bodybuilding  tips is also a great guide to keep your body fit. One of the modern forms of such rehabilitating therapies is dance therapy.

Dance therapy is a healing process through which the body and mind of a person is merged to get the healing effect. This therapy heals a person physically, emotionally, mentally and spiritually. It consolidates the mind and body of a person thus bringing harmony and peace in human beings.


Dance therapy has its foundation in modern dance from innovators like Isadora Duncan, Martha Graham and Doris Humphrey. Their modern and creative idea gave ground for expressive dancing where the dancer displays creativity, spontaneity and individuality. And so many members of these pioneer companies began to understand the benefits of dance therapy.

The main three areas of the dance therapy process are modern dance, movement analysis and psychoanalytic theory. Now let’s highlight movement therapy and its benefits, which is one of the most important aspect of dance therapy.

Movement Therapy

Movement therapy was started by Marian Chace who is the founder of modern movement therapy. She used dance therapy as a mode of communication to meet basic human needs.

The movement therapy in dance, like any other exercise, starts with warm ups to loosen the muscles. It is a form of art therapy wherein the patients are made to express their feelings through dance movement, which contemplates healing of diseases and removes bad stress. In this form of dance therapy the mind and body are a single entity. An individual suffering from psychological problems can benefit through these bodily movements.

Benefits of Dance Movement Therapy

It is believed that people from different walk of life are benefited by dance movement therapy. People who go through emotional discord and those who live with problems and distress are the ones who are most benefited by dance movement therapy. Individuals who have had a past trauma can tune in to dance movement therapy wherein they are able to release their emotions and feeling through movement therapy.

Dance movement therapy brings about self-awareness in a person. It helps a person to experience the relation between thoughts, feelings and actions. Dance movement therapy is of great help to people who wish to communicate non-verbally. This enhances their personal communication skills as well.

Holistic healing is a process that is very much in practice in hospitals, counseling centers, nursing homes, schools and daycare centres.

The American Dance Therapy Association encourages the maximum support and guidance in educating people about the existence of this therapy and also provides studios to practice dance movement therapy. People from all parts of the world enroll into classes to be cured of different maladies. The organization publishes a journal that gives a complete insight about the dance therapy.

Dance is no longer considered a hip shaking activity but is looked upon as a treatment that can cure the young as well as the old. Give it a try, not only is it healthy, dance movement therapy is fun.


Mold! the Silent Killer! Mold Can Kill!

Mold is a fungus that is very dangerous to our health and can make us very ill and is in fact sometimes deadly. Many of us have seen horror stories on the news about families that became deathly ill for unknown reasons and even deaths and having it ultimately being traced back to mold in a home. The mold’s microscopic pores reproduce and are absorbed through the air, landing on places that are damp. Mold can grow on wood, foods, paper, fabrics and many other places. I have seen books with obvious mold on them from sitting in a damp garage. It can grow anywhere indoors with the help of it’s favorite “friend” moisture. It will not grow without it. Moisture is the food that mold grows on. The object of avoiding mold is therefore to avoid allowing moisture to sit indoors. If you life in New Jersey there is high probability that mold can start developing in your household. This is where you can take a look at mold inspection new jersey, these professional provide you all the tips and services that you need in order to get your home free from mold or any other dangerous fungus.

In order to keep your home safe and free of mold, be sure to fix any and all leaks and seepage as fast as you find them! There is no time to spare. The sooner sitting moisture is gone, the better your chances of not allowing mold to grow. If you have water leaking into your house from the outside then you must deal with the problem as quickly and completely as possible. Have the foundation around your house checked by a professional to find out exactly where the leak is coming from and have it fixed right away. During rain, be sure that your roof is designed properly with quality guttering in order to be certain that the water drains away from your house. To do this, check to be sure that the slope of the ground where the water drops goes away from and not towards your house.

If your home happens to have a crawlspace underneath it then check to be sure that it is draining properly and that it is properly ventilated. Poor ventilation in these spaces can be a hidden source of moisture and growth of mold.

In order to find out if your house has mold, use your senses. If you smell something that is musty then it is quite likely mold. If you see something that looks suspicious then do not hesitate to have it checked out by a professional. Better safe than sorry. A dehumidifier is always a good idea to help reduce the amount of moisture in the air and help reduce the threat of mold growth.

If you have even the slightest suspicion of having mold in your home then I very strongly advise having a professional come in to check it out. There are companies who can perform very accurate tests to find out if it is in fact mold or not. Once mold is diagnosed then there are techniques that these professionals use to dry out the problem and repair it before it becomes uncontrollable. If it is caught in a timely manner then the damage can be stopped. If you wait around and figure you will keep an eye on it, chances are that by the time you act on fixing the problem that it will be so out of control that the environment in your home will be unsafe to live in. Don’t allow mold to destroy your health and those that you love


Avoid Triggering your Allergies using Natural Home Cleaners

If you’re anything like me, and seemingly half the population of these United States, allergies are a way of life for you. From a runny nose to itchy eyes, and even breathing problems, allergies have become a part of daily life for most Americans.

While medications do work, and should be taken as prescribed, one of the best ways to deal with allergies is to get rid of the items causing the allergic reaction, or allergen. Avoiding flowers and pets can be relatively simple, but what happens when your allergies stem not from what you have in your house, but what you use to clean it? Harsh chemicals such as ammonia, bleach, even some strong fragrances found in many cleaning supplies can wreak havoc on those who are allergy prone or have sensitive skin. In addition to aggravating ones allergies, these harsh chemicals can be hazardous to the environment, as well as young children or animals.

With all the things that could go wrong with store bought household cleaners, are their really any options out there? The answer is yes, and you might be surprised as to how close and simple they are. The following paragraphs will describe a few of the tried and true cleaning agents that you can find in just about any kitchen or pantry. Give them a try and chances are you’ll have a brand new set of household cleaners that will help alleviate or even eliminate your allergies. Of course, be sure to use a staubsauger für allergiker as you do the task to kep dusts and other small particles contained.

Natural Household Cleaner # 1: Vinegar

Surprised? That liquid that was kept in your mother’s cupboard to use with your favorite recipes is actually a great all purpose cleaner. Its acidic nature can cut through just about any form of grease that you can come across. In addition, it’s fairly easy to prepare, and as you know from grocery shopping, it is dirt cheap. The easiest way to use vinegar as a cleaning agent is to dilute it by mixing it with an equal part of water in a spray bottle that you can get at any craft store. And if you’re worried about your house smelling like vinegar, don’t worry; the smell will evaporate once the vinegar dries. Besides, if you decide to go with the apple cider vinegar, you might not want the scent to go away all that quickly.

Another reason why vinegar is so useful is its versatility. Depending on how strong you mix it, it can tackle just about everything from where your young son spilled his juice to the worst soap scum on your bathroom tub door. A brief word of caution, though, vinegar is acidic, so don’t use it on such things as marble or granite stone counter tops. It will damage both by eating away at it.

Natural Household Cleaner # 2 Baking Soda

Baking soda has long been used as a freshener in the freezer or refrigerator as a way to keep foods smelling their best. However, a great way to get away from all though harsh, bleach filled abrasive cleaners is to replace them with a little bit of elbow grease and a paste made from some water and baking soda. Simply rub the paste on the area you want to clean, rub and rinse off. Chances are you’ll notice that this does just a good a job as those harsher scrubs for a fraction of the cost.

Natural Household Cleaner # 3: Lemon Juice

Like the vinegar before it, lemon juice is a great all purpose cleaner, but has the ability to leave the area smelling of fresh lemons. Again, make sure you dilute it, and try not to use it on any marble surfaces or granite top counters as it will most likely damage them. If you’re unsure, test a spot that most people won’t see. You’ll know fairly quickly if lemon juice is safe to use on the object.

Natural Household Cleaner # 4: Borax

If you’re looking for an alternative to the harshness of bleach, you might want to consider looking into Borax or sodium borate. This naturally occurring mineral is known for its ability to kill mold and bacteria with proper use. The easiest way to create the proper mixture is to combine 1/2 cup of borax with 1 gallon of hot water and use as you would for anywhere you wanted to use bleach. An alternative method is to mix it with your vinegar to give your all purpose cleaner that added boost. A strong word of caution, though; borax is poisonous to kids and pets, so be sure to kept it well labeled and completely out of the reach of any small, curious hands or paws in your house.

Natural Household Cleaner # 5: A Natural Wood Polish

If you’re anything like my mom, you have a lot of wood in your house. Wood tables, wood chairs, wood floors, even a wooden cradle for when the grandkids come over to visit. And if you’re anything like me, the prices for all those wood dusting sprays seem just a bit outrageous. If so, take a look at your pantry, chances are you already have all the ingredients necessary to make a great wood furniture polish. Simply combine 2 parts olive oil to 1 part lemon juice or vinegar and place it in a spray bottle. The acid of the vinegar or lemon juice will pull the dirt to the surface of the wood for easy cleaning, and the olive oil will be absorbed quickly into the wood adding a layer of much need moisture. Of course, just about any oil will work, but I prefer olive oil or canola simply because of their lighter aroma.

These are but a few of the different natural household cleaners that can be used on a regular basis. Unlike the harsh, chemical filled counterparts that you find in the store, these natural household cleaners show that you don’t have to clean with products that can trigger your allergies, or worse yet cause harm to your family or the environment. In addition, they are much more cost effective to use in the long run.


Improve Digestive Health with These Kitchen Remedies

Tummy trouble plagues us all from time to time, and in our house, with two teens and a 6-year-old, we have experienced our share of heartburn, gas, digestive cramping, bloating and other digestive issues as well as stomach bugs and flus. An upset gastrointestinal tract can have a negative impact on our mental health, our energy levels and our overall quality of life, so keeping the tummy happy helps keep us healthy.

An estimated 60 to 70 million people are affected by some sort of digestive disorder, and the chronic conditions spur about $141.8 billion in spending on various prescriptions and remedies, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse.

Like so many other people, we’ve made many late-night trips to the grocery store for antacids and over the years have spent a lot of money on various over-the-counter remedies like acid blockers or other products to treat some of the common problems associated with some of the minor digestive problems such as gas, bloating, diarrhea, constipation and heartburn. The home remedies should include megaspore pro biotic component to kill the germs from the food. The bacteria can be good or bad that is present in the body of the person.

But then we learned that some home remedies from kitchen work just as well as the store bought remedies, and some actually improve digestion, making over-the-counter antacids unnecessary. Readers who are currently taking any medications should check with their medical care providers before consuming home remedies to ensure that there are no potentially harmful complications between home remedies and their medication.

Ginger: Ginger’s ability to sooth troubled tummies is legendary. But not all ginger products are created equal. While ginger ale is commonly consumed when people feel sick, most commercial brands do not actually have any ginger in them at all and those that do have ginger, have only trace amounts. Ginger tablets are available and are commonly used on cruise ships to settle motion sickness. Also ginger candy, ginger gum and ginger are fairly easy to find. But none works as well as using fresh ginger. To keep the tummies in our house happy, we make a fresh juice every morning with ginger, carrots and orange. The fresh juice provides us with vital nutrients and the ginger does wonders for the intestinal track. To make the juice, combine about five carrots, one large orange and about an inch of fresh, peeled ginger root in juicer. Ginger tea is also easy to make from home – just add a bit of peeled ginger to your tea as it seeps.

Saffron. Yes, saffron can be expensive, but a little bit does go a long way. And in reality, buying antacids several times a month can also be expensive. As well as being used to add a glorious yellow hue to food, saffron has been used as a digestive aid for centuries and can be added to tea. Researchers believe that saffron stimulates circulation to the digestive organs and coats the membranes of the stomach and colon, according to the website,

Coconut water. Coconut water is beginning to grow in popularity and is now easily available in most grocery stores. Over the years it has been touted as a weight loss aid, cure for acne as well as a hangover remedy. High in potassium, electrolytes and iron, coconut water is also low in calories. Be sure to look for a brand with no added sugar. In our house, whenever someone has a stomach bug and is vomiting or experiencing diarrhea, we have them drink pure coconut water – it helps to rehydrate and replace lost electrolytes.

Mineral water. Natural mineral water is another great digestive aid as it includes bicarbonates, the main ingredient in over-the-counter heartburn remedies. Drinking it each day can help keep the digestive system balanced and happy. There are many different types of mineral water on the market and the prices vary. Look for one that is natural rather than one where the bicarbonates are simply added to flat water. Mineral water can be consumed by itself or is great mixed with juice or even tea. Try mixing equal parts mineral water, coconut water and pineapple juice for a quick and tasty tummy tickler.

Tummy soothing tea: Combine in tea brewing ball or basket about one teaspoon saffron and about an inch of peeled, chopped ginger. Add your favorite tea. We have found that a nice mild jasmine or rosehip tea works nicely, but any tea will do. Pour about three cups of boiling water – more or less according to your taste – and allow to seep until desired strength is achieved. Enjoy each morning to keep your digestive system happy.

Health and Fitness

How To Choose A Dentist Your Family Will Surely Love

A personal or family dentist is a person who has a lot of influence over the health of the clients since they need to be comfortable so that they are able to consult him at any given time and share their problems. May factors may affect someone’s emotional feelings and behaviors when they are searching for the right person but the task is quite easy considering the amount of information available. It becomes very easy to collect and compare information in order to explore this factors which enables them and their family members to be comfortable while visiting and seeking advice from the chosen dentist.

The internet provides a lot of information concerning the dentist and allows people to interrogate and leave their opinion in the aim of finding out details of specific physicians and many more specialists they may have an interest in such as dentists.

To avoid disappointments, there is a need for caution while choosing a dentist. One needs to do some intensive research and not just follow the flooding word of mouth. Friends and family members can be a very good source to assist in trying to locate a good dentist. They will openly give their personal feelings about the services rendered and criticize incase they lack satisfaction. Referrals give a clear picture of the dentist and one is able to note and pick the most preferred dentist in the locality. Close family members and friends will not be scared or will not hesitate to point out their dislikes on those top notch dentistry providers therefore providing one with the required information for choosing the kind of service to consult on and where to go.

A person also needs to do some more investigation over and above inquiring from friends. Online search provides such opportunities where people can search for any extra information concerning specific specialists they have identified such us what others have to say about them. For example, some sites provide chances for people to place their personal opinions and though this one is able to note any violations or negative opinions. The negative outlook should not cause an alarm but should be intensively analyzed since some people maliciously place such information to seek revenge or sabotage the business such as disgruntled employees or business competitors.

During the research, one ought to seek appointment with the dentist to familiarize with them before making the final decision. This should be a simple process if the dentist is not a proud person who despises others especially those they are not familiar with. The face to face talk enables one to gain confidence and in such cases it would be wise for someone to bring the family members along. This allows them to also get acquainted with the location such as the office or the dentists work room and the subordinate workmates.

Scheduling is a very important factor to consider before choosing the personal or family dentist. One needs to assess if they will have to wait for a long time before seeing the doctor because of the number of clients’ in line or inability to get an appointment quickly enough because the dentist is not available. If such are the cases, there will be inadequacy in cases of emergencies because of lack of quick response. People’s health and lives are increasingly getting hectic therefore there is need for quick appointments.

Lastly, the issues of flexibility need to be addressed. A good office ought to be flexible with almost everything such that if a patient misses out on an appointment, then it should be rescheduled; the office must outline the sort of payment procedures and identify procedures that are not covered by the insurance. Such information is vital for decision making while most importantly one must inquire on the problems they had experienced with earlier dentists to avoid moving to worse situations than they had.

Apart from the aforementioned points, it is always wise to consult your family doctor in this matter or, better still, the dental convention 2020 which is to take place in a few days’ time will sort out the matters in the form of highly informative seminars.

Health and Fitness

Valuable Tips To Get And Enjoy Goodnight Sleep

Sleep is essential for our physical and mental health, but more important is sleep properly to feel rested upon waking.

However, sleep is not related only to the number of hours of sleep but has greater influence quality hours of rest and good sleep.

There are people who need about six hours of sleep to feel rested, while others require eight or more hours to achieve the same results.

Specialists in this area speak of “sleep hygiene” which refers to a harmonization that should exist relating to each person with the environment and with itself, always referring to the moments before going to sleep with the primary objective of have a dream that maintains optimum good health and well being.

Within this concept are included both the conditions and attitudes that are necessary to enable a good break coming to a dream which also complies with the basic principles of time, times and good sleep satisfaction.

Some people suffer from sleep disorders that prevent them from getting a good night’s sleep and not sleep properly at night the consequences will be for the day. Some people also have sleeping difficulties because of taking medications that increases awakeness. This is common for people who buy Modafinil in Canada, for instance, since such drug helps reduce sleepiness.

Among the most common problems that can be found:

Insomnia, which relates to the difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep.    Sleep apnea, which is characterized by cessation of breathing during sleep produced.    Restless leg syndrome is a tingling sensation in the legs.

Narcolepsy, for example irresistible trend excessive sleepiness, among others.  The results in poor sleep inadequately rest and this can lead to suffering certain diseases such as metabolic syndrome or type 2 diabetes called and abnormalities of euro-endocrine that stands between poly cystic ovary and also menstrual irregularities or periods of high stress.

When a person is going through a period where adequate sleep has become a recurring problem you should consult your doctor, especially because when a person does not sleep or sleep hours needed off day after day can develop diseases such as panic attacks , depression, attention deficit disorder and chronic fatigue boxes, taking greater chances of accidents due to daytime sleepiness precisely one of the first problems encountered by the lack of adequate sleep.

Besides medical consultation there are some things to do to get a good sleep, such as

Do not eat two hours before bedtime    Avoid television programs, readings or any situation that can be stressful.    Avoid drinking beverages that can irritate the stomach, caffeine, chocolate or heavy seasonings and especially alcoholic beverages    Adapt the bedroom so that only fulfills the function of being the place where the intimacy that is only used for sleeping, not transforming it into a place of work or any other activity.    Make something relaxing before bed like reading something that is pleasant or listen to some soothing music.

Health and Fitness

Heroin Addiction And HIV: Controlling The Epidemic In Prisons With Naltrexone Implants

Naltrexone therapy for heroin addiction and HIV in Mauritius is the most effective way to control the epidemic in their prisons and general community. Mauritius is in the midst of a crisis that is recognized by the United Nations, and represents a clear warning to the rest of the world.

The State of Mauritius has 8 prisons falling under the direct command of the Commissioner of Prisons. Currently there are about 2500 prisoners serving under sentence of which about 85% are for drug related offenses. While drug addiction problems remain in the prison system there can be no expectation for positive change in criminal behavior or in the ability of those incarcerated to reintegrate into society once out in the community.

Drug addicts, if not treated properly and given the required therapy, have a 97% chance of relapse. This is a major concern as they return to their habits of taking illicit drugs, engaging in criminal activity to support their habit, and re-incarceration. There are accurate records of prisoners who, once addicted to drugs, become entrenched in the prison system where they are distanced even further from the possibility to engage in normal community activity.

Treating Drug Addiction in Prisons

Naltrexone is one of three major pharmacotherapies used to assist opiate-dependant patients or prisoners to manage their drug addiction. Changi Prison in Singapore has more than 13 years experience in providing excellent services to prisoners using Naltrexone to help exclude the craving for opiates in Singapore’s jails. The Go Medical sustained release Naltrexone implant pioneered by Dr George O’Neil in Western Australia is ideal for prison environments because the implant is inserted under the skin and lasts up to 6 months. In this type of preparation the prisoner would be unable to divert the medication.

The other two pharmacotherapies used in jails include Methadone and Buprenorphine which are both opiates that maintain an opiate level aimed at keeping the person comfortable enough to reduce crime in the prison. Unfortunately Buprenorphine (Subutex) has earned a bad reputation in prisons because the formulation takes too long to dissolve under the tongue and is easily diverted. For this reason many prisons do not allow Buprenorphine.

Methadone is used in many European, Australian and USA prisons. Diversion of the drug is better controlled than with Buprenorphine. Unfortunately maintaining the person’s addiction in prison removes the right of escaping from opiate dependence while in prison unless they are strong enough to undergo harsh and unassisted withdrawal illness. Some pro-active authorities believe that using Methadone in prison prevents or significantly delays recovery and delays a return to the normal non-opiate dependant community.

Increased Risk of HIV

In Mauritius, there has been a 400% increase in the incidence of HIV infections since 2004. This alarming rate of new infections has been linked to endless cycles of drug addiction and prison sentences for related offences. Approximately 86% of known HIV cases are attributable to intravenous drug use. In addition there is an increased risk of death by 5% due to overdose on release back into the community. Those who survive are at significant risk of re-offending and re-entering the prison system due to continued drug addiction. The length of time these people remain addicted to opiates is directly proportional to their risk of acquiring HIV and other viral infections. It is imperative that this cycle of drug addiction and HIV spread be broken as soon as possible by appropriate interventions.

Proposed Solution

Officials in Mauritius believe that Dr O’Neil’s proposed methods of intervention and treatment could revolutionize the way society manages the treatment of people with opiates abuse disorders. While the gold standard for treatment currently is maintenance therapy that allows addicts to substitute legal analogues for illegal opiates and manage their disorder to varying degrees, it is far from ideal. Unfortunately many countries which opted for substitution treatment with Subutex or Methadone now have to battle against illegal trade of these legal opiates. Furthermore, the rate of overdose has gone far higher than for any other drug.


Dr O’Neil’s treatment model in Perth, Western Australia, is based on abstinence and reversal of physiological addiction. It is only after complete relief from addiction that the individual may cease drug taking and be returned to a normal state of physical and mental health. In this way the drug related crimes will also diminish, relieving the pressure on the criminal justice system, and limiting the drain on health resources and state budgets as well as to increase security within the general community. This treatment will remove the market for drugs in prisons since Naltrexone is an opioid antagonist and therefore injecting heroin has no effect. By removing the benefits of, and the requirement for, opiates the practice of intravenous drug administration will diminish and consequently limit the spread of HIV and other viral infections.

At the time of writing this article the proposed project in Mauritius had been put on hold due to absence of support by funding organizations. Further information can be obtained by directing enquiries to and registering your interest. People that are HIV positive can visit review to mingle with other people. This is a great way to make them feel like a part of the community. They can share their feelings and experience with other as well.